Tour in Nazca Peru
Cantalloc
Nazca Peru
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Walking and cultural tours in Nazca : Cantalloc aqueducts

Aqueducts of Cantalloc

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Rated: 4 / 5 based on 187 customer reviews
Coast of the tour : $ 45 .00 rate per person in USD
Product description: Tour to Cantalloc Pre Inca aqueducts

Itinerary :A local representative will pick you up in your hotel for your guided visit toThe Aqueducts of Cantalloc  , Just outside of Nazca, approximately 4 km / 2.5 mi, are the Cantalloc Aqueducts. Built around 300 to 600 AD, the aqueducts were designed to provide a year round water source for the area. The aqueducts conduct water from the mountain springs down to Nazca by means of underground canals. These canals, 36 in total, are S-shaped to allow the water to travel slower during periods of heavy rain. Some of the Cantalloc Aqueducts are still used by farmers in the area.

They used Slavs and trunks of  Huarango wood to make  the aqueducts  that have resisted the pass of the centuries 
First they dug many wells that were located 20 or 50 meters one from the other, until they found the water-bearing layer. Then they connected it   with subterranean channels. This system filtered the e the water from the subsoil and carried toward the water reservoirs that irrigate the valleys.
  
The Aqueducts of Cantalloc, also known by the more hispanified Cantayo, are one of the Nazca civilisation’s greatest achievements – building them was a far more difficult task than creating the Nazca lines.
Cursed with a barren, dry and rocky desert in which to live, with only the narrowest of valleys with the narrowest of areas suitable for agriculture, developing hydraulic engineering was a necessity.

At  Cantayo, 4km from the modern city of Nasca, we found these open wells. These have paths that spiral down to the level of the running water that provide access to this precious resource, but possibly also access to clean or repair the structures in case of an earthquake.
This year-round irrigation system allowed the Nazca to widen the farmable area of the valleys in which they lived, growing their crops of cotton, corn, beans and potatoes, as well as a variety of fruit. The valleys around Nazca are as green today as they were when the canals were finished, and this is because these very same canals are still in use today. After the tour you will return and drop you off in your hotel or bus terminal.

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